I Sentences, Distinction 10
The Holy Spirit as Love

[Notula.][Little note.]
spiritus sanctus amor est, sive caritas, sive dilectio patris et filii. haec tria se habent ex additione ad invicem. amor enim dicit simplicem inclinationem affectus in amatum. unde etiam quandoque passionem dicit, secundum quod est in parte sensitiva; et sic amor etiam in irrationabilibus invenitur. dilectio autem praesupponit electionem, sicut ipsum nomen ostendit; unde tantum rationabilium est. sed caritas ponit quamdam vehementiam dilectionis, inquantum dilectum sub inaestimabili pretio habetur, secundum quod res multi pretii carae dicuntur."The Holy Spirit is love, or charity, or the dilection of the Father and the Son." These three things are related by [some] addition to one another. For 'love' bespeaks a simple inclination of the affection into the beloved; hence it sometimes also bespeaks passion insofar as it is in the sensitive part, and thus love is also found in irrational things. 'Dilection' [dilectio], however, presupposes choice [electio], just as the name itself shows; hence it belongs only to rational beings. But 'charity' [caritas] signifies a certain vehemence of dilection, insofar as the beloved [dilectum] is held at an inestimable price, according to which many precious things are called 'dear' [carae].
sive enim sit unitas amborum, sive sanctitas, sive caritas, manifestum est quod non aliquis duorum est quo uterque conjungitur. unitas dicitur, inquantum est nexus patris et filii, ut dictum est in hac dist., art. 3, sed sanctitas dicitur, inquantum procedit processione voluntatis, in qua consistit tota sanctitas."For whether He is the unity of both, or the sanctity, or the charity, it is manifest that the one by which both are conjoined is not one of the two." He is called 'unity' insofar as He is the connection of the Father and the Son, as was said in this distinction (a. 3), but He is called 'sanctity' insofar as He proceeds by the procession of will, in which the whole of sanctity consists.

© Peter Kwasniewski

The Aquinas Translation Project