II Sentences, Distinction 43, Question 1
Concerning the Sin against the Holy Spirit

[Proemium] postquam diversa genera peccatorum assignavit, in parte ista determinat de quodam genere peccati quod ceteris aliis gravius invenitur, scilicet de peccato in spiritum sanctum; et dividitur in partes duas: in prima ostendit gravitatem hujus peccati; in secunda quaerit quid sit istud peccatum, ibi: sed quaeritur, quid sit illud peccatum in spiritum sanctum. et dividitur in partes tres, secundum tres assignationes hujus peccati quas facit; secunda ibi: est et alia hujus peccati assignatio; tertia ibi: de hoc quoque peccato in spiritum sanctum ambrosius... definitam assignationem tradit. prima dividitur in duas: in prima ponit assignationem quamdam peccati in spiritum sanctum, magistralem; in secunda movet quamdam quaestionem, et solvit, ibi: sed quaeritur, utrum omnis obstinatio mentis in malitia obduratae, omnisque desperatio, sit peccatum in spiritum sanctum. est et alia hujus peccati assignatio. hic ponit secundam assignationem, ex verbis augustini sumptam; et primo ponit eam; secundo ex verbis ejusdem ostendit, quomodo sit accipienda, ibi: illam tamen definitionem augustinus in lib. retract. rememorans, aliquid adjiciendum ibi fore, nec asserendo se dixisse aperit. de hoc quoque peccato ambrosius in lib. de spiritu sancto disserens definitam assignationem tradit. hic ponit tertiam assignationem secundum ambrosium: et primo ponit eam; secundo removet quoddam dubium quod potest esse, ibi: non itaque distinctio illa verborum sic accipienda est. hic sex quaeruntur: [Introduction] Having designated the different kinds of sin, in this section (Peter Lombard) describes a certain kind of sin which is found to be more grave than the others, namely the sin against the Holy Spirit. This section is divided into two parts. In the first, he shows the gravity of this sin. In the second, he asks about its nature at "But it is asked, what is that sin against the Holy Spirit?" And this (latter) is divided into three parts, according to the three attributions he makes concerning this sin; the second at "there is another attribution of this sin"; the third at "concerning this sin against the Holy Spirit, there is also Ambrose (who...) treats of (its) precise attribution." The first is divided into two parts. In the first, he determines a particular attribution of the sin against the Holy Spirit (at) "Belonging to the teacher"; in the second, he puts forth a question and solves it, at "But it is asked, whether every obstinacy of mind firmly fixed in malice, and all despair, is a sin against the Holy Spirit." At "And there is another attribution of this sin", he sets down the second attribution, drawn from the words of St. Augustine. First, he sets (these words) down, second, he shows how they are to be understood, at "However, Augustine, calling to mind that definition in his book The Reconsiderations, does not appear to be asserting that he said something about to be added there." Ambrose also treats of this sin in his book De Spiritu Sancto, discussing (in this work this) definite attribution. Here (the Lombard) sets down the third attribution in accordance with Ambrose. He first offers (Ambrose's) attribution, and second, eliminates a doubt which can arise, at "Therefore, that distinction (found in those) words is not to be so understood..." Six questions are asked here (in this distinction):
1 an sit peccatum in spiritum sanctum, et quid sit; 2 utrum sit distinctum ab aliis peccatis; 3 de speciebus ejus; 4 de irremissibilitate ipsius; 5 utrum peccatum in spiritum sanctum praeexigat alia peccata, 6 quibus conveniat in spiritum sanctum peccare. 1. Whether there is a sin against the Holy Spirit, and what is its nature;
2. Whether it is distinct from other sins;
3. (A question) concerning its species;
4. (A question) concerning its unpardonable nature;
5. Whether the sin against the Holy Spirit presupposes other sins, and
6. In what (ways) does one sin against the Holy Spirit.

© Stephen Loughlin

The Aquinas Translation Project